幾種常見的齒輪減速機優點與缺點

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  齒輪減速機作為一種動力傳輸機,應用十分廣泛,通常與微電機配套生產,主要原理是通過將微電機的高輸出轉速輸入到齒輪減速機內,齒輪減速機通過小齒輪帶動大齒輪的原理,達到轉速降低、扭力提升的效果。


  總所周知,一般像需要低轉速、扭力大的產品,應用范圍非常廣,如:機器人、電子鎖、電動窗簾、ATM機等等。同樣齒輪減速機和類別也比較多,各有不同的優勢與劣勢,下面通宇變速就簡單講解幾種常見齒輪減速機的優缺點。


1.行星齒輪減速機

  它是(shi)由(you)內齒(chi)(chi)軸緊(jin)密(mi)配合(he)的(de)(de)緊(jin)密(mi)結合(he)在齒(chi)(chi)圈(quan)箱(xiang)箱(xiang)體上(shang),齒(chi)(chi)軸核心還有一名個(ge)控制的(de)(de)齒(chi)(chi)圈(quan)為(wei)(wei)日(ri)齒(chi)(chi)圈(quan),四周(zhou)圍有3個(ge)小(xiao)行(xing)(xing)星(xing)齒(chi)(chi)圈(quan)需緊(jin)緊(jin)圍繞日(ri)輪(lun)公轉(zhuan)。太陽系大小(xiao)行(xing)(xing)星(xing)滑(hua)(hua)行(xing)(xing)機的(de)(de)能基(ji)本(ben)(ben)特(te)征是(shi)比(bi)熱容輕、比(bi)熱容小(xiao)、傳動鏈裝置比(bi)條件大、的(de)(de)高效(xiao)、傳動鏈裝置市場平穩等基(ji)本(ben)(ben)特(te)征,太陽系大小(xiao)行(xing)(xing)星(xing)滑(hua)(hua)行(xing)(xing)機滑(hua)(hua)行(xing)(xing)比(bi)10下(xia)列為(wei)(wei)3級滑(hua)(hua)行(xing)(xing),10大于為(wei)(wei)2級滑(hua)(hua)行(xing)(xing)。一半有直齒(chi)(chi)與斜齒(chi)(chi)不(bu)同齒(chi)(chi)軸內型。壞處是(shi)太陽系大小(xiao)行(xing)(xing)星(xing)滑(hua)(hua)行(xing)(xing)機齒(chi)(chi)軸生產表面粗糙性高,結構的(de)(de)極為(wei)(wei)較為(wei)(wei)復雜。




2.RV齒輪減速機

  傘(san)蝸(gua)輪蝸(gua)桿低(di)速(su)機(ji)以大(da)(da)行星傘(san)蝸(gua)輪蝸(gua)桿為3級低(di)速(su),加(jia)(jia)上擺(bai)線針緩(huan)速(su)機(ji)低(di)速(su)機(ji)為三級低(di)速(su),利(li)用硬性(xing)盤(pan)與(yu)讀取(qu)盤(pan)銜接局(ju)部(bu)結構,終于(yu)將低(di)速(su)讀取(qu)。常見優勢特(te)點是滑行比大(da)(da)、應力大(da)(da)、耐沖洗性(xing)強(qiang),組(zu)成部(bu)分緊湊型等;有缺陷是體積大(da)(da)概(gai)大(da)(da),加(jia)(jia)工制作工藝(yi) 錯(cuo)綜復雜,工件(jian)多。


3.諧波齒輪減速機

  主耍由會形成(cheng)器、軟(ruan)質(zhi)fpc線路(lu)板轉(zhuan)(zhuan)動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)輪(lun)(lun)(lun)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)桿(gan)(gan)、滾動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)輪(lun)(lun)(lun)轂軸承(cheng)、優(you)(you)質(zhi)的(de)(de)配(pei)(pei)置(zhi)轉(zhuan)(zhuan)動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)輪(lun)(lun)(lun)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)桿(gan)(gan)組合,主耍靠波(bo)會形成(cheng)器配(pei)(pei)置(zhi)上軟(ruan)質(zhi)fpc線路(lu)板滾動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)輪(lun)(lun)(lun)轂軸承(cheng)使軟(ruan)質(zhi)fpc線路(lu)板轉(zhuan)(zhuan)動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)輪(lun)(lun)(lun)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)桿(gan)(gan)形成(cheng)可調(diao)優(you)(you)質(zhi)的(de)(de)配(pei)(pei)置(zhi)傾(qing)斜(xie),與優(you)(you)質(zhi)的(de)(de)配(pei)(pei)置(zhi)轉(zhuan)(zhuan)動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)輪(lun)(lun)(lun)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)桿(gan)(gan)相嚙合來推送健身運動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)和(he)(he)驅動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)轉(zhuan)(zhuan)動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)輪(lun)(lun)(lun)蝸(gua)(gua)(gua)(gua)桿(gan)(gan)轉(zhuan)(zhuan)動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)。優(you)(you)點和(he)(he)優(you)(you)缺點是(shi)轉(zhuan)(zhuan)動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)比(bi)大(da)(da)、降速(su)變(bian)高、空間小(xiao)、總重量相對來說(shuo)比(bi)較輕、框架(jia)簡短、元(yuan)件少(shao)、轉(zhuan)(zhuan)動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)成(cheng)功率高、在使用壽命長。優(you)(you)缺點是(shi)柔輪(lun)(lun)(lun)輕松破(po)壞(huai),起驅動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)力(li)(li)距大(da)(da),不行使用于(yu)小(xiao)轉(zhuan)(zhuan)動(dong)(dong)(dong)(dong)速(su)比(bi)的(de)(de)物品。




4.矢量擺線減速機

  這一種減速時機沒有采用了齒(chi)軸(zhou)充當傳(chuan)(chuan)動裝(zhuang)置(zhi)齒(chi)輪(lun)(lun)系(xi)統(tong)(tong)系(xi)統(tong)(tong),以鋼球為傳(chuan)(chuan)動裝(zhuang)置(zhi)齒(chi)輪(lun)(lun)系(xi)統(tong)(tong)系(xi)統(tong)(tong)核心部件(jian),與擺線(xian)燕(yan)尾導軌路組合而成無隙擺線(xian)嚙合來取代齒(chi)軸(zhou)的嚙合。具設(she)備構造(zao)緊(jin)湊型轎車(che)、低(di)頻噪(zao)音低(di)、總(zong)自重輕、占地(di)小、零背隙、傳(chuan)(chuan)動裝(zhuang)置(zhi)齒(chi)輪(lun)(lun)系(xi)統(tong)(tong)系(xi)統(tong)(tong)穩定性(xing)、輸(shu)入輸(shu)出可靠(kao)性(xing)強,精密度高特性(xing),傳(chuan)(chuan)動裝(zhuang)置(zhi)齒(chi)輪(lun)(lun)系(xi)統(tong)(tong)系(xi)統(tong)(tong)速度電動車(che)續航95%范圍。


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